Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

LILLIAN MOLLER GILBRETH
(1878-1972)

Rita Mae Kelly and Vincent P. Kelly

Lillian Gilbreth has been called the Mother of Scientific Management, the First Lady of Management, and the World's Greatest Woman Engineer. Author of eight books and numerous papers on education, management, and psychology, she became internationally renowned for her fundamental contributions to industrial and personnel management. In 1954 she became one of the founding members of the International Academy of Management and for years was its only female member. Two biographies and movies, Cheaper by the Dozen and Belles on Their Toes, written by two of her twelve children, also made her famous as a remarkable wife and mother. Her contributions to management science and engineering have been recognized by the issuance in 1987 of a commemorative postal stamp.


BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Lillian Moller was born in Oakland, California, on May 24, 1878, to William and Ann Moller. William Moller managed his father-in-law's hardware store, but later became the prosperous owner of several shoe stores in San Francisco and Sacramento. Ann Moller's main occupation was managing her household with its cook and gardener, and caring for her large family.

Lillian Moller, a very shy child, was terrified by the experience of going to first grade, so her parents tutored the child themselves, with the help of private teachers, at home for three years. Besides the usual academic subjects, Lillian Moller learned French and German and to play the piano. She read a great deal and had long, serious conversations with her father. While she had little experience in cooking and cleaning, as the eldest child she gradually took on responsibility for caring for her three brothers and five sisters because of her mother's delicate health.

A favorite aunt, Lillian Delger Powell, strengthened Lillian Moller's determination to attend a university and have a career. She may also have stimulated her niece's interest in psychology as well. Lillian Powell became a psychiatrist

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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