Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

EDNA HEIDBREDER (1890-1985)

Robert S. Harper

Edna Heidbreder made major contributions in three general areas: psychometrics, systematic psychology, and concept formation. She was one of the developers of the Minnesota Mechanical Abilities Tests, which established new levels of excellence in test construction. Her Seven Psychologies, a detailed analysis of seven systems of psychology, is a timeless book. Her thirty years of research on concept formation provided new insights into the cognitive processes during thought. All of her research is characterized by careful, systematic, and detailed study.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Edna Frances Heidbreder was born on May 1, 1890, in Quincy, Illinois. Her parents, William Henry Heidbreder and Mathilda Emelie Meyer, both of German immigrant parents, were born and raised in Quincy. When they were married in 1882, William Henry was employed by a wholesale drug firm. Twelve years later, in partnership with August and George Heidbreder, he became head of the retail drug business of W. H. Heidbreder & Company in Quincy. William and Tillie had five children--Bertha, Louise, Edna, Helen, and Ralph.

After graduating from Quincy High in 1907, Edna Heidbreder entered Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois. In 1911, with an official major in Latin, but with almost as many courses in biology, she graduated with general honors and with special honors in both Latin and biology. In addition, she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and was selected as one of the commencement speakers. Regarding her psychology experience at Knox, she wrote:

When I was at Knox, & [psychology] was taught, as in many places, in the dept. of philosophy and philosophy was a one-man department. Prof. Raub, the one man, was an excellent teacher. . . . He gave a single, one-semester course in & without a laboratory

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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