Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

RAVENNA HELSON (1925- )

Harrison G. Gough

Ravenna Helson is one of the world's acknowledged authorities on the psychology of creativity. In addition, she has made basic theoretical and empirical contributions to the study of creativity among female and male mathematicians, and to the understanding of life-span accomplishments among women nominated in college for their superior creative potential. She has also conducted important studies of writers and critics of books for children, systematically tracing the interactions of gender, imaginative processes, and the individuation of self as they are expressed in stories characterized by heroic, comic, or tender themes. In the late 1980s she continued to direct a major longitudinal analysis of a sample of more than one hundred women first studied as college seniors in the 1950s, then reassessed in the early 1960s and again in the 1980s. Among the key findings emerging from this work are the discoveries that personality factors play a vital role in predicting the realization of potential for women following either traditional or nontraditional life pathways, and that ego resilience sufficient to permit an unrepressive integration of both positive and negative personal experiences is crucial as a determinant of fulfillment in adulthood. In all of her writing she has made use of a distinctive methodology that combines intuitive case evaluations with the exactitude of nomothetic quantification.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Ravenna Mathews Helson was born on February 13, 1925, in Austin, Texas. Her father, Edward Jackson Mathews, was the registrar and dean of admissions of the University of Texas. Her mother, Ravenna Wakefield Mathews, was a teacher of French at the university before she became a housewife. Both parents had earned master's degrees. Twin brothers, Edward J. Mathews, Jr., and Reed Wakefield Mathews, were born in 1929. The former earned a medical degree and became a psychiatrist; the latter received a master's degree in biology and became a college teacher.

Both parents were supportive, but Helson refers to her father as her "first

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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