Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

MARIE JAHODA (1907- )

Stuart W. Cook

While most women who entered psychology before the gender enlightenment of recent years encountered major obstacles in their professional careers, few have faced less promising circumstances than did Made Jahoda. She was born into a Jewish family in a country and at a time when anti-Semitic discrimination was widespread. She was a leader in an Austrian socialist youth movement and an active Social Democrat when Social Democrats in Austria were suppressed-- and some were hanged. She served a prison term for her political opinions. Most of the copies of the book reporting her first major research were burned because its authors were Jewish. She lived through World War II under the Nazi aerial bombardment of London. Persecution, war, and family imperatives forced her to compartmentalize her professional life into four distinct time periods, three countries, and two languages.

Despite these circumstances, Jahoda built a distinguished scientific career. She served as a tenured faculty member at three universities in two nations. In two of these universities she had the responsibility of initiating and developing psychology departments. Her vita lists eighty-six publications; she authored or coauthored eight books and coedited five more. She received major honorary awards from both the American and British psychological societies as well as the Commander of the British Empire medal, personally bestowed by Queen Elizabeth. She became internationally famous as a pioneer and leading scholar on the psychological consequences of unemployment, the psychodynamics of ethnic and racial prejudice, and the psychology of positive mental health.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Jahoda was born of Jewish parents in Vienna, Austria, on January 26, 1907. Against the background of anti-Semitic discrimination of the period and Austrian fascism of the mid-1930s, this became a significant factor in the early part of her life. The family was middle-class, with a liberal political orientation. Her father, Carl Jahoda, was a businessman, her mother, Betty Jahoda, a homemaker.

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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