Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

ELEANOR EMMONS MACCOBY (1917- )

Agnes N. O'Connell

In a highly productive career that has spanned more than fifty years, produced six books, two monographs, and more than one hundred chapters and papers, Eleanor Emmons Maccoby stands as one of the most prominent and influential psychologists in developmental and social psychology. Her research and methodological contributions have illuminated the study of the socialization of young children and the critical dimensions of their social behavior. Her reviews of research and theory, particularly in the area of gender differences, have significantly influenced the direction and content of subsequent research. A professional leader, Maccoby has served as president of the Society for Research in Child Development and of the American Psychological Association's (APA) Division on Developmental Psychology, and has been the recipient of numerous awards including the APA Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award.


FAMILY BACKGROUND, EDUCATION, AND EARLY CAREER DEVELOPMENT

Eleanor Emmons, the second of four daughters, was born in Tacoma, Washington, on May 15, 1917. Her father, Eugene Emmons, owned a small millwork business, and her mother, Viva Johnson Emmons, was a musician and singer ( Maccoby, 1989). As a child, Eleanor Emmons read at age four, sang and played the guitar at age eleven, formed a trio with two of her sisters, briefly had a weekly program on a local radio station, and engaged in tomboyish behavior ( Maccoby, 1989).

During her childhood her parents became members of the Theosophical Society, adopting the required vegetarian diet. She grew up sharing her family's theosophical interests in spiritualism and extrasensory perception and their strong inclination to act on their principles. While in high school, however, her confidence in the doctrines of the Theosophical Society began to erode following unsuccessful attempts to replicate J. B. Rhine's experiment at Duke University on extrasensory perception ( Maccoby, 1989).

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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