Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

CLARA MAYO (1931-1981)

Marianne LaFrance

Clara Mayo was a social psychologist who conducted important research into the processes of social perception and nonverbal communication with the primary purpose of understanding prejudice and stereotyping. The work on nonverbal communication and particularly that concerned with gender relations and race relations helped evolve research in that area from a focus on individual behaviors to an exploration of how nonverbal behaviors mediate important social processes. From her research in the 1960s on busing through her role in the 1970s and 1980s as scholar, teacher, trainer, and expert witness, she articulated the form that applied social psychology could and should take, thus helping to formalize and legitimize the field. She was elected to the presidency of both the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues from the American Psychological Association (APA) and the New England Psychological Association (NEPA).


FAMILY BACKGROUND

Clara Alexandra Weiss, the first and only child of Joseph and Maria Weiss, was born in Linz, Austria, on September 13, 1931. The setting for her childhood was comfortable, almost bucolic, and on weekends there would be drives in a fancy Packard to Vienna.

But then things changed. Hitler and Nazism were on the move, and in 1938, while Clara Weiss' father was in England on a business trip, her mother decided that it was time to leave--and to leave immediately. Everything was to be left behind. The familiar and the predictable had become precipitously freakish and unhinged. No matter that her mother was Catholic or that her father was himself the product of a "mixed marriage." To have a surname such as Weiss was sufficient stigma.

Mother and daughter settled for a bit in Paris, where Joseph Weiss managed to catch up with them, traveling next out of danger's way to Marseille. There in southern France they became refugees attempting to elicit help from strangers so that they could emigrate to the United States.

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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