Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

PAULINE (PAT) SNEDDEN SEARS (1908- )

Judy F. Rosenblith

Pauline (Pat) Snedden Sears has made outstanding contributions in a number of areas, including level of aspiration, self-esteem, achievement motivation, mathematics learning, and sex differences in classroom behaviors including teacher- pupil interactions. The seminal nature of both her own work and joint work with her husband is widely recognized. The mutual interactions of their thinking and work are highly unusual even in the field of psychology, where there have been a number of husband-wife teams, and especially in the time period in which it occurred. The larger world's recognition of Pauline Sears' work is seen in the fact that she was elected president of the American Psychological Association's Division of Developmental Psychology, serving in 1959-1960. The collaborative contributions of Pauline Sears and her husband were recognized by their being joint recipients of the American Psychological Foundation's 1980 Gold Medal for their lifetime contributions to the field of psychology in the study of human development and applications of knowledge to the educational and social betterment of children.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Pauline K. Snedden was born in Vermont on July 5, 1908, while her mother was vacationing there with her older children. She was the fourth child (third girl) of David Snedden and Genevra Sisson Snedden and was joined four years later by another sister. The Sneddens could be characterized as an academic family. Her father was an educational administrator early in life, then a longtime professor at Teachers College of Columbia University, a prolific author of educational works, and a frequent guest lecturer at other institutions. Her maternal grandmother, who lived with them for some years, had been a school teacher, as had her mother. Her mother had also written a book about a Santa Clara Indian boy (Docas) that was used for half a century in the California schools. Much later she wrote a book of stories about her husband's life on a cattle ranch. She also coauthored one of her husband's books on educational sociology to ensure its

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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