Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

JANET TAYLOR SPENCE (1923- )

Kay Deaux

Janet Taylor Spence is a major figure in contemporary American psychology, having made sustained contributions to the scientific literature and to the profession for nearly forty years. Her empirical and theoretical contributions include work on manifest anxiety, intrinsic motivation, gender-related traits, and achievement behavior. This work has introduced new concepts into the literature (e.g., manifest anxiety) and has changed the way that we think about familiar issues (e.g., masculinity and femininity, achievement motivation). Spence's professional contributions include the presidency of both the American Psychological Association and the more recently formed American Psychological Society. She has been a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and has received honorary degrees from Oberlin College and Ohio State University. In addition she has been elected to the status of Fellow in four divisions of the American Psychological Association representing the fields of experimental, social, and clinical psychology and the psychology of women. In 1979 Spence was named Ashbel Smith Professor of Psychology and Educational Psychology at the University of Texas.


BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Janet Taylor Spence was born in Toledo, Ohio, on August 29, 1923, to a family in which education for women was the rule rather than the exception. Spence's mother and grandmother were both graduates of Vassar College, and her mother earned a master's degree in economics at Columbia as well. Political consciousness also permeated the Toledo household in which Janet and her younger sister, Christine, were raised. Their father, John C. Taylor, was active in the Socialist party and became a labor union business manager. Helen Hodge Taylor, an activist Republican, developed a career path that moved from the League of Women Voters to the management of several election campaigns to the head of a social service agency concerned with families and dependent children ( Spence, 1988b).

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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