Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

THELMA GWINN THURSTONE (1897- )

Carolyn T. Bashaw and W. L. Bashaw

Thelma Thurstone made signal contributions to intelligence theory, reading instruction, and intelligence and personality testing. She was a charter member of the Psychometric Society and has been a prolific test author since 1924. One of her major contributions was the creation of learning materials based upon the common factor theory of intelligence. Thurstone was coauthor of the Psychological Examinations and the Primary Mental Abilities testing programs. These included many pioneering practices and were fundamental to the origins of the Educational Testing Service and to Science Research Associates, respectively. As well as contributing to test theory and practice, she produced a pioneering study concerning the mainstreaming of retarded children. Thurstone's learning materials and numerous versions of her tests are still marketed.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Thelma Gwinn, born in Hume, Missouri, December 11, 1897, was the oldest child and only daughter of Richard Luther and Dora Buckles Gwinn, a school teacher and music teacher, respectively. Her parents expected and urged her and her two brothers to succeed, and Gwinn enjoyed a normal, active childhood and adolescence. She completed high school in Mount Vernon, Missouri, as the valedictorian of her class.

Gwinn entered the University of Missouri in 1913, graduating in 1917 with an A.B. in German. Her academic record merited her election to Phi Beta Kappa. Realizing that she must be self-supporting, Gwinn subsequently earned a second bachelor's degree, in education, from the University of Missouri. To support her studies, she simultaneously taught in public high schools in Vandalia ( 1917- 1919) and Joplin, Missouri ( 1919-1920).

While pursuing her degree in education, Gwinn enrolled in her first psychology course. Her attraction to the discipline was immediate. In 1919 W. W. Charters offered her a scholarship for graduate study in psychology at Carnegie Institute of Technology. In addition to her graduate work, between 1920 and 1923, Gwinn

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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