Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

LEONA E. TYLER (1906- )

Suzanne M. Zilberand Samuel H. Osipow

Leona E. Tyler contributed significantly to the fields of individual differences and counseling psychology through her research, teaching, and widely respected graduate-level textbooks. Her work was at the leading edge of counseling psychology, and her ideas greatly influenced the field. Leona Tyler provided direction and definition to counseling as a specialty at a time when it was shakily emerging from the threads of other fields. More than one generation of psychologists grew to professional maturity influenced and guided by her book The Work of the Counselor ( 1969), in which she presented a theory of personality and life-span development. She was one of the early psychologists concerned with cross-cultural and sex differences, highlighting the importance of a balance between the environment and the individual. An innovator in many areas, she organized one of the first university counseling centers at the University of Oregon. She later demonstrated her remarkable professional leadership by serving simultaneously as graduate school dean and president of the American Psychological Association (APA). Her awards include the University of Minnesota Outstanding Achievement Award, the University of Oregon Distinguished Service Award, and the National Vocational Guidance Eminent Career Award. In addition, APA's Division of Counseling Psychology has recognized Tyler's work by naming its highest award the Leona Tyler Award. Tyler's prolific contributions continued into her eighties with a focus on the philosophy of science. Overall, an optimism about human development and human behavior underlies her work, which has provided a vital humanistic foundation for psychology.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Leona Elizabeth Tyler was born on May 10, 1906, in Chetek, Wisconsin. Her father, Leon M. Tyler, worked as an accountant and later as a house restoration contractor. Her mother, Bessie J. Carver Tyler, managed their home. Both parents had graduated from high school, but there was no one in Leona Tyler's immediate or extended family who had gone to college. Nonetheless,

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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