Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

MARGARET FLOY WASHBURN (1871-1939)

Elizabeth Scarborough

Margaret Washburn of Vassar College was a leading psychologist during the first third of the twentieth century. The first woman to receive a Ph.D. in psychology, she achieved prominence in every facet of the field: research, publishing, editorial and organizational service, theory development, and teaching. Her most renowned work, The Animal Mind, was widely acknowledged as the first comprehensive textbook in comparative (animal) psychology. While she headed the psychology department at Vassar, she was also particularly active and influential in professional involvements that extended to regional, national, and international levels through leadership positions held in significant organizations such as the American Psychological Association, the Eastern Psychological Association, the National Research Council, and the Society of Experimental Psychologists. She was the second woman to become president of the American Psychological Association and the second woman elected to the National Academy of Sciences.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Born July 25, 1871, in the Harlem district of New York City, Margaret Floy Washburn was the only daughter of Francis Washburn and Elizabeth Floy Davis, both of whom were natives of the city. Her father, who had little formal education, was a businessman until he entered the Episcopal ministry eight years after her birth. Her mother came from a prosperous family, completed high school, and lived her adult life as a housewife and mother, taking much satisfaction in the achievements of her competent daughter. Both parents shared with Washburn exceptionally strong literary interests and encouraged her intellectual pursuits.

For a year and a half, beginning at age seven, Washburn attended an excellent private school located in the house next to her home. Her schooling suffered when the family moved to her father's parishes in Orange and Ulster counties ( New York), but she graduated from high school in 1886 and entered Vassar

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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