Higher Education in Post-Mao China

By Michael Agelasto; Bob Adamson | Go to book overview

conscience will be enhanced so as to exercise their influence over the whole society. Then senior secondary school students might discard the currently- prevailing utilitarian considerations when they apply for entrance to universities and colleges. Consequently, the situation in which the special fields of a more humanitarian but less utilitarian nature find difficulty in recruiting students will be greatly changed. And the leadership at the levels of departments and universities will not have to get accustomed to meeting passively the temporary needs of society and students. When the tide of utilitarianism is turned, teachers will resume their mission of being a guide in the spiritual homes of students. They will foster a kind of pride in their profession so that they will love their work, endeavour to gain professional proficiency, take an active part in research, and accept the responsibilities of imparting knowledge as well as cultivating people.


NOTES
1.
But there is also another tendency: placing classic books, benevolence and righteousness in such a high position has evolved in the contemporary age to dogmatism and doctrinairism which pay little attention to effectiveness and usefulness.
2.
Stanley Rosen, cited in Liu Xuehonget al., 1991, p. 141.
3.
Tea-eggs are eggs stewed in tea, often sold by illiterate hawkers. In Chinese the second character in both words egg and missile are homophones, thus producing a kind of black humour. Other expressions are: 'A professor is poorer than a peddler of sweet potatoes (Dang jiaoshou de buru mai hongshu de).' and 'Three masters of mind like Zhuge Liang are inferior to a cobbler (Sange Zhuge Liang buru yige choupijiang).' The original saying is 'Three cobblers with their wits combined can defeat Zhuge Liang, the master of mind.' Zhuge is a character in the novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms.
4.
Yao and Liu, 1993, p. 276.
5.
Shao, 1995, p.438.
6.
Liu Xuehonget al., 1991.
7.
Wu Zhong, 1994b.
8.
Liu Yingkai, 1994.
9.
Gaodeng Xuexiao Yingyu Zhuanye Jichujieduan Yingyu liaoxue Dagang (Syllabus of the English Major Foundation Stage in Chinese Institutions of Higher Learning), Beijing Waiyanshe, 1988; and Gaodeng Xuexiao Yingyu Zhuanye Gaonianji Yingyu Jiaoxue Dagang (Syllabus of the English Major Advanced Stage in Chinese Institutions of Higher Learning), Beijing, Waiyanshe, 1990.
10.
Figures cited in Wu Zhong, 1994a.
11.
See Zhou Shizhen, 1995.
12.
Zhou Shizhen, 1995. These figures are not based on per capita output, but as Shenda is an average-sized university, the data appear basically correct.
13.
Liu Runqinget al., 1989, p. 3.
14.
Liu Runqinget al., 1989, p. 3.

-139-

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