Higher Education in Post-Mao China

By Michael Agelasto; Bob Adamson | Go to book overview

addressed yet. Some have raised questions about the relevance of degree programmes to productivity increase and have proposed non-degree HAE programmes. 57 Unfortunately, few empirical studies examine how different types of adult education programmes contribute to improving employees' performance. International experiences show that learning is more effective when it relates to problems in the workplace and real life. 58 But a mismatch between educational experience and job skill requirements can lower productivity. 59 The first study on the impact of worker training in Shenzhen, in southern China, shows that the transfer of training relates to management in the workplace. 60 Further study of the impact of HAE on productivity is needed because improved productivity is a stated objective for national development. In sum, future studies need to examine (1) the productivity of graduates of different HAE programmes and (2) the impact of policy and management in the workplace on the transfer of learning.


NOTES
1.
Ministry of Education, 1980.
2.
CCP Central Committee, 1985, p. 193.
3.
CCP Central Committee and the State Council, 1981, p. 2; Li Peng, 1986.
4.
State Education Commission, 1987.
5.
Zhang Yongchang, 1985, p. 239.
6.
Zhang Yongchang, 1985, p. 286. The remark was by the then Vice-Premier Chen Yi.
7.
The literacy rate and education completion rate are calculated based on the 1964 census data, for the age groups of six and above. See China statistics yearbook 1994, p. 61.
8.
Zhang Yongchang, 1985, p. 278.
9.
China education yearbook 1949-1981, pp. 578-82.
10.
Lin Feng, 1958.
11.
Higher Education Department, "Gaodeng jiaoyubu guanyu yeyu gaodeng xuexiao de xuexi shijian yu zhengdun, gonggu tigao jiaoxue zhiliang de tongzhi (Announcement on spare-time higher education: scheduling and improvement of teaching quality)", 21 February 1957, in China education yearbook 7949-1981, pp. 897-8.
12.
Higher Education Department, "Gaodeng hanshou jiaoyu huiyi jiyao (Excerpt of higher correspondence education meeting)" in China education yearbook 1949- 1981, pp. 898-900.
13.
Zhang Yongchang, 1985, p. 312.
14.
In August 1971, the CCP Central Committee, issued 'A Memo on the National Education Working Conference' which proposed to evaluate the nation's education system. The memo concluded that (1) Mao Zedong's proletarian education line was not being implemented and (2) most teaching staff still held bourgeois ideology.
15.
China education yearbook 1949-1981, p. 235.
16.
CCP Central Committee and State Council, 1981, p. 2.

-208-

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