LUCIAN lived through the greater part of the second century after Christ. This includes the age of the benignant Antonines. The stately "grandeur that was Rome" is reflected by him on many a page. The Greek Renaissance under Roman sway, with which the Emperor Hadrian had identified himself, is an item carried forward on the balance sheet of our combined "Debt to Greece and Rome."
One reminder of this Graeco-Roman aftermath of art is the temple of Olympian Zeus which, though originally projected 600 years before Lucian's time, was begun anew on a vast scale in the second century B.C. and finally dedicated under Hadrian when Lucian was a boy in Samosata. The grandiose and beautiful columns 4 still extant from this structure are a notable landmark in the Athens of today. When Lucian first arrived from the Orient he must have found the temple, in its fresh and stately splendour, the pride of the Athenians, and it helps us to an understanding of our