LUCIAN'S Crusade against Shams, 'however much or little reasoned conviction we may be disposed to concede to him, was not confined to attacks upon the unethical practices of contemporaries who posed as philosophers. His satire, now bald and bitter, now glowing with iridescent charm, pursued relentlessly all superstitions and manifestations of a belief in the supernatural. The most intransigent scientists of the middle of the nineteenth century in their consecrated quest for protoplasm were hardly more bitter than he against all belief in "things unseen." They, to be sure, were "sustained by an unfaltering trust" in their constructive aims, whereas Lucian was cynically destructive, an iconoclast who could set up in the vacated shrines "no good God except good Greek." 23 A continuous trip with him through the devastated region of his Nogods' land would become depressing were it not for his unfailing humour that acts as a partial counter-irritant against pessimism.