The Social Ecology of Religion

By Vernon Reynolds; Ralph Tanner | Go to book overview

idea of sex in itself, even within marriage, as sinful is peculiar, among world religions, to Christianity.

In the next chapter we move on to consider marriage more fully. Marriage is the social legitimation of the reproductive process, whereby a man and his wife or wives care for each other and produce new members of the community. It begins with a fascinating and highly ceremonial occasion, involving transfers of wealth between the two families. Marriage is hedged about with taboos, and there are many rules governing the behavior of the married couple toward each other and toward others. Religions (as well as civil laws) play their part in restricting tabooed behavior and encouraging approved kinds. They also have roles to play in managing the stresses and strains of marriage and in dissolving marriages that fail. These and other aspects will be examined next.


Notes
1.
Gennep A. van. ( 1960). The rites of passage. Routledge, London.
2.
Richards A. I. ( 1956). Chisungu: A girl's initiation ceremony among the Bemba of Northern Rhodesia. Faber and Faber, London.
3.
Swantz L. W. ( 1970). "The Zaramo of Dar-es-Salaam: A study of continuity and change". Tanzania Notes and Records, 71, 157-64.
4.
Swantz L. W. ( 1970). "The Zaramo of Dar-es-Salaam: A study of continuity and change". Tanzania Notes and Records, 71, 157-64.
5.
Geertz C. ( 1960). The religion of Java. Free Press, New York, p. 177.
6.
Evans-Pritchard E. E. ( 1937). Witchcraft, oracles and magic among the Azande, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
7.
Jahoda G. ( 1968). "Scientific training and the persistence of traditional beliefs among West African university students". Nature, 220, 1356.
8.
Archer W. G. ( 1974). The hill of flutes. Love, life and poetry in tribal India. Allen and Unwin, London.
9.
Elwin V. ( 1947). The Muria and their ghotul. Oxford University Press, Bombay.
10.
Ashley-Montagu M. F. ( 1957). The reproductive development of the female with especial reference to the period of adolescent sterility. Julian Press, New York.
11.
Miner H. ( 1953). The primitive city of Timbuctoo. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
12.
Stiles H. R. ( 1869). Bundling. Its origins, progress and decline in America. Munsell, Albany, New York.
13.
Geertz C. ( 1960). The religion of Java. Free Press, New York, p. 179.
14.
Spiro M. E. ( 1971). Buddhism and society. Allen and Unwin, London, pp. 234-47.
15.
Remmers H. H., et al. ( 1951). "Some personality aspects and religious values of high school youth". Purdue Opinion Panel, 10( 3).
16.
Quin P. V. ( 1965). "Critical thinking and open-mindedness in public and Catholic secondary schools". J Social Psychology, 66, 23-30.
17.
Sakellariou G. T. ( 1938). "A study of the religious life of Greek youth". Ereunai Psuchol Ergasteriou Thessaloniki, 2.

-147-

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The Social Ecology of Religion
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Contents *
  • Part I - Introduction 1
  • 1 - Why Religions? 3
  • Notes 18
  • 2 - Prior Approaches to the Study of Religion 19
  • Notes 28
  • 3 - The Challenge of Modernity 29
  • Notes 50
  • Part II - Religion and the Life Cycle 51
  • 4 - Conception and Contraception 53
  • Notes 75
  • 5 - Infanticide and Abortion 79
  • Notes 97
  • 6 - Birth and Childhood 101
  • Notes 126
  • 7 - Adolescence 131
  • Notes 147
  • 8 - Marriage 149
  • Notes 180
  • 9 - Divorce and Widowhood 185
  • Notes 197
  • 10 - Middle and Old Age 200
  • Notes 209
  • 11 - Death 211
  • Notes 230
  • Part III - Religions and Disease 235
  • 12 - Faith and Sickness 237
  • Notes 261
  • 13 - Religions and the Enhanced Risk of Disease 267
  • Notes 282
  • 14 - Religions and the Reduced Risk of Disease 285
  • Notes 300
  • 15 - General Conclusions 305
  • Notes 312
  • Index 313
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