The Social Ecology of Religion

By Vernon Reynolds; Ralph Tanner | Go to book overview

From our examination of marriage and celibacy, we consider next what follows after marriage. If things go wrong with the marriage, divorce may ensue, and religions are very concerned with the prevention or management of divorce. Where one spouse dies, the remaining partner may or may not want to remarry, and again religions are permissive or restrictive, giving guidance to those involved and in some cases specifying who the new partner shall be.


Notes
1.
Turnbull C. M.( 1966). Wayward servants: The two worlds of the African pygmies. Erye and Spottiswoode, London.
2.
Woodburn J. ( 1968). "Stability and flexibility in Hadza residential groupings". In Blee R., and DeVere I. (eds.). Man the hunter. Aldine, Chicago.
3.
Tanner R. E. S. ( 1958). "Fertility and child mortality in cousin marriages". Eugenics R, 49, 197-99.
4.
Cory H. ( 1953). Sukuma law and custom. Oxford University Press/ International African Institute, London.
5.
Calhoun C. A. ( 1980). "The authority of ancestors: A sociological reconsideration of Fortes' Tallensi in response to Fortes' critics". Man. 15( 2), 304-19.
6.
Nadel S. F. ( 1952). "Witchcraft in four African societies: An essay in comparison". American Anthropologist, 54, 18-29.
7.
Lewis I. M. ( 1986). Religion in context: Cults and charisma. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p. 40.
8.
Lewis I. M. ( 1989). Ecstatic religion. Routledge, London.
9.
Swantz L. W. ( 1970). "The Zaramo of Dar-es-Salaam: A study of continuity and change". Tanzania Notes and Records, 71, 157-64.
10.
The laws of Manu. ( 1969). Buhler G. (trans.). Dover, New York. Carstairs G. M. ( 1961). The twice-born. Hogarth Press, London.
11.
Srinivas M. N. ( 1962). Caste in modern India. Asia Publishing House, London.
12.
Klass M. ( 1966). "Marriage rules in Bengal". American Anthropologist, 68, 951-70.
13.
Agrawal B. C., and Agrawal S. K. ( 1972). "A note on Natra, the socalled 'remarriage' among the Hindus of Malwa". Eastern Anthropologist, 25( 1), 73-80.
14.
Aryal R. H. ( 1991). "Socioeconomic and cultural differentials in age at marriage and the effect on fertility in Nepal". J Biosocial Science, 23, 167-78.
15.
Spiro M. E. ( 1967). Burmese supernaturalism. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
16.
Nash J., and Nash M. ( 1963). "Marriage, family and population growth in Upper Burma". South-Western J. Anthropology, 19, 251-66.
17.
Gen. 1:28, 2:18, 24.
18.
Num. 6:2-8.
19.
Lev. 21:1-15.
20.
Dorff E. N. ( 1986). "The Jewish tradition". In Numbers R. L., and Amundsen D. W. (eds.). Caring and curing: Health and medicine in the western religious tradition. Macmillan, New York.

-180-

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The Social Ecology of Religion
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Contents *
  • Part I - Introduction 1
  • 1 - Why Religions? 3
  • Notes 18
  • 2 - Prior Approaches to the Study of Religion 19
  • Notes 28
  • 3 - The Challenge of Modernity 29
  • Notes 50
  • Part II - Religion and the Life Cycle 51
  • 4 - Conception and Contraception 53
  • Notes 75
  • 5 - Infanticide and Abortion 79
  • Notes 97
  • 6 - Birth and Childhood 101
  • Notes 126
  • 7 - Adolescence 131
  • Notes 147
  • 8 - Marriage 149
  • Notes 180
  • 9 - Divorce and Widowhood 185
  • Notes 197
  • 10 - Middle and Old Age 200
  • Notes 209
  • 11 - Death 211
  • Notes 230
  • Part III - Religions and Disease 235
  • 12 - Faith and Sickness 237
  • Notes 261
  • 13 - Religions and the Enhanced Risk of Disease 267
  • Notes 282
  • 14 - Religions and the Reduced Risk of Disease 285
  • Notes 300
  • 15 - General Conclusions 305
  • Notes 312
  • Index 313
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