PSYCHOLOGY IN INDUSTRY
by WALTER V. BINGHAM
INDUSTRIAL psychology touches life at many points. Most of us spend a large part of our waking hours at work. rom choice or from necessity, we are employed in one way Fr another, in production, business, or personal service. We naturally want our hours of labor to yield their fullest return, not only of money wage, but of other values as well. To increase the zest of accomplishment, the sense of the worthwhileness of one's efforts, and the approbation of one's fellows for work well done, are aspirations no less universal than the desire for more money. These purposes form some of the main objectives of industrial psychology, a practical science of behavior dedicated to the increase of both working efficiency and satisfactions.
What Industrial Psychology Has Aimed to Do . The aims of industrial psychology may be viewed from both sides of the shield. It has sought removal of sources of nervousness, irritation, and discontent; elimination of needless fatigue; banishment of a sense of inadequacy or futility; and release from occupational fears, whether of wage cuts, unemployment, health hazards, loss of prestige, old-age dependency, arbitrary supervision, or other sources of apprehension connected with the work. And many of these objectives may be stated positively, as efforts to find better methods of occupational training, of supervision, of organization of work, of hiring and placement, and of controlling the working environment in the interest of greater comfort, health, and earning power.