Jesus in History and Myth

By R. Joseph Hoffmann; Gerald A. Larue | Go to book overview

mark of enlightenment. If the twentieth-century quest differs in any significant way from that of the nineteenth, it is in this: that we are rather less convinced that we have all the pieces of the puzzle, and rather more convinced that when we finish we will have only one of a still-to-bedetermined number of possible configurations.

R. Joseph Hoffmann

Ann Arbor, Michigan
January 1986


NOTES
1.
The reader is referred to the Bibliography in Joachim Jeremias The Problem of the Historical Jesus ( Philadelphia, 1964), and the Introduction to Maurice Goguel The Life of Jesus, trans. Olive Wyon ( London, 1933), 37-69.
2.
So the conclusion of the so-called Dutch Radical school. An overview of their theories is supplied by G. A. Bergh van Eysinga, Die hollandische radikale Kritik des Neuen Testaments ( Jena, 1912); cf. Arthur Drews, Die Christusmythe ( Jena, 1909).
3.
For example, Rudolf Bultmann, "The idea of the historicity of Jesus does not need to be defended" (Jesus, [ Berlin, 1926], 16).
4.
An educated and informative dissenting view is provided by Charles Talbert, What Is a Gospel? ( Philadelphia, 1977), 132-35. Talbert does not suggest however that the gospels are "biographies" in the sense of being transcripts of Jesus' teaching by disinterested observers. He maintains, on the contrary, that such a biography was unknown in the Hellenistic world.
5.
Cf. Strauss's discussion in The Life of Jesus Critically Examined, trans. George Eliot ( 1892; rpt., ed. Peter Hodgson [ Philadelphia, 1972]), 69.
6.
Matthew Arnold, Literature and Dogma, ed. R. H. Super ( Ann Arbor, 1968), 152.
7.
Arnold, Literature and Dogma, 152.
8.
Cited in Horton Harris, Strauss and His Theology ( Cambridge, 1973), 241.
9.
M. Proust, Revue de Paris, 15 Novembre 1920, 171.
10.
Albert Schweitzer, The Quest of the Historical Jesus, trans. W. Montgomery ( 1906; rpt., with Introduction by James M. Robinson [ New York, 1961]), 182. Citations are from the Montgomery translation.
11.
Goguel, The Life of Jesus, 52.
12.
Cf. for example, Article 6 of the Thirty-Nine Articles.
13.
See Paulus, der Apostel Jesu Christi ( 1845).
14.
In Kritische Untersuchungen éber die kanonischen Evangelien ( 1847) and later works.
15.
Cited in Schweitzer, Quest, 156.
16.
Schweitzer, Quest, 157.
17.
Marcan priority (the theory that Mark's gospel was written first, and that Matthew and Luke made use of some version of that gospel together with other sources) was asserted by a number of scholars beginning in the early nineteenth century as a solution to

-22-

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