doxical conclusion that the future is really present ( An Experiment with Time, 3rd. ed., p. 7).
See Bertrand Russell "On the Notion of Cause" (in Mysticism and Logic, Allen and
Unwin, 1917: now in Pelican Books); especially for his onslaught on those superstitious
prejudices about causality still favoured by people in the tradition of Scholastic Metaphysics.
Also S. E. Toulmin, The Philosophy of Science ( Hutchinson, 1953); especially Ch. I, on
language shifts, and pp. 119 ff., on "cause" as a diagnostic notion. The latter may suggest
why, in spite of Russell's attempts to banish it (on the grounds: that advanced sciences, in
their theory construction, have no place for it; and that, when so precisified as to be unusable, it is absurd), this notion of "cause" is and will remain indispensible in its proper
sphere: the occasions of practical life, including those of the laboratory work of experimental physicists.
G. Ryle, The Concept of Mind ( Hutchinson, 1949).
C. W. K. Mundle: "Is Psychical Research Relevant to Philosophy?" ( Proc. Aristotelian
Society, Supp. Vol. XXIV, pp. 207 ff.)
R. H. Thouless: "The Present Position of Experimental Research into Telepathy and Related Phenomena" ( Proc. S.P.R., Vol. XLVII, pp. 1 ff.)
R. H. Thouless and
B. Wiesner: "The Psi Processes in Normal and 'Paranormal' Psychology" ( Proc. S.P.R., Vol. XLVIII)
W. W. Carington: Telepathy (Methuen, 1945)
A. G. N. Flew (Editor): Logic and Language, 1st and 2nd Series (Blackwell 1951 and 1953)
J. J. C. Smart on "Theory Construction"; 2nd Series, Ch. XII.]
S. E. Toulmin: The Philosophy of Science ( Hutchinson, 1953)