The Jew through the Centuries

By Herbert L. Willett | Go to book overview

IX THE END OF THE JEWISH STATE

The year 63 B.C. in which the Roman general Pompey conquered Jerusalem ushered in the period of Roman domination in Palestine, which led at last to the Jewish-Roman war, the destruction of Jerusalem and the downfall of the Jewish state.

From the times of Alexander the Great the near east was a liability which the west tried to liquidate. Rome regarded itself as the legatee and custodian of Alexander's eastern empire, which theoretically extended from the Euphrates to the Indus. Already in the days of Judas Maccabaeus and his brother Jonathan appeal was made to the Roman senate by these Jewish patriots for assistance against the encroachments of Syria, and the covenants then made bound upon the Jewish state the heavy burden of Roman alliance, which meant virtually Roman control. From this time onward the internal affairs of Palestine were regarded by Roman leaders as matters for their direction. When Julius Caesar made his expedition into Egypt in days when rival Maccabean princes were contending for the Judean throne, Antipater, an Idumean, or Edomite, secured his favor, was made procurator of Judea, and given the rights of Roman citizenship.1 After his death his sons Phasaelus and Herod were appointed by Antony as tetrarchs of that province, and after the Parthian

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1
By his wife Cypros, an Arab woman, Antipater had four sons, Phasaelus, Herod, Joseph and Pharoras, and a daughter, Salome.

-258-

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The Jew through the Centuries
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction 1
  • I- Palestine 23
  • II- Hebrew Origins 71
  • III- Hebrew Contacts, Accretions And Dispersions 87
  • IV- Decline and Fall of Judah: Close Of Hebrew History 104
  • V- The Rise of Judaism 132
  • VI- Priesthood and Genealogies 166
  • VII- The Growth of Judaism 189
  • VIII- Jew and Christian 224
  • IX- The End of the Jewish State 258
  • X- The Jew Through the Centuries 279
  • XI- The Rise of Zionism 314
  • XII- Jew and Arab in Palestine 344
  • XIII- The Jew Today and Tomorrow 382
  • Bibliography 407
  • Index 415
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