Parliaments and Parties in Egypt

By Jacob M. Landau | Go to book overview

INTRODUCTION

Egypt was the first Arabic-speaking country to throw off the yoke of Turkish rule which, from the time of Muhammad 'Alî onwards, was hardly more than nominal. However, Turkish cultural and social influence did not disappear, but remained distinctly evident amongst the upper classes. On the other hand, European influence was gradually penetrating into Egypt and, to a large extent, supplanting Turkish predominance.

The impact of the West became obvious in the political- constitutional field with the gradual adoption of Western patterns of government and political life. In 1866, Ismaâ'îl Pasha created a consultative elected Assembly of Notables along the lines of Western Parliaments. It took almost sixty years for this Assembly to develop into something like a European Parliament.

The political parties also imitated Western models in their organization, programmes, propaganda, etc. Though outwardly westernized and compact, most of these parties shivered on the first reef. For the sake of understanding the modern history of the Near East, it is a work of first importance to trace the development of parliamentary institutions and political parties in Egypt and to consider the extent of European influence on their inception, evolution and disruption.

Despite this importance, research in this field has been largely neglected. No comprehensive book on the subject has yet been published, and even scholarly investigation of the political and constitutional history of modern Egypt has given only casual mention to parliamentary institutions and political parties. In general, scholars have restricted themselves to the compilation of facts, seldom attempting to examine the subject in its wider aspect and draw definite conclusions. These remarks apply, for instance, to the books written about modern Egypt by Cromer, Colvin, Lloyd, Newman, Douin, Sammarco, Hasenclever, and many others . To the best of my knowledge, the present work is the first attempt, based on both Arabic and European sources, to deal with the subject comprehensively. I consider that

-1-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Parliaments and Parties in Egypt
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Acknowledgements iii
  • Table of Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Introduction 1
  • First Part Parliamentary Institutions 5
  • Ch. I -- the 1866-1867 Assembly 7
  • Ch. II -- the Assemblies from 1868 to 1878 16
  • Ch. III -- the 1879 Assembly 23
  • Ch. IV -- the 1881-1882 Assembly 28
  • Ch. V -- Parliamentary Life, 1883-1912 41
  • Ch. VI -- the Legislative Assembly 55
  • Ch. VII -- the 1924 Parliament 59
  • Second Part Political Parties 71
  • Ch. I -- the Secret Societies 73
  • Ch. II -- the National Party 84
  • Ch. III -- Young Egypt 101
  • Ch. IV -- Al-Hizb Al-Watani 104
  • Ch. V -- Minor Parties in the Early 20th Century 136
  • Ch. Vi--The Wafd 169
  • Conlusion -- the Recent Years 175
  • Abbreviations 194
  • Bibliography 195
  • Index of Persons 209
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 216

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.