Parliaments and Parties in Egypt

By Jacob M. Landau | Go to book overview

CH. III -- THE 1879 ASSEMBLY

The third session of the Assembly elected in 1876, which was to be the last under Ismâ'îl's rule, began on January 2, 1879 and lasted until July 6 of the same year. It opened amidst some public disquiet, which found expression in the newspapers of the period. The Khedive, accompanied by the heir-presumptive, Taufîq, and the Ministers, declared the Assembly open. Then the Khedive's speech was read. It was very brief this time, asking the delegates to consider financial as well as public matters and wishing them success32.

The sub-commission elected for the reply, as on previous occasions, consisted of the most prominent delegates, namely ' Uthmân al-Harmîl, ' Abd al-Salâm al-Muwailihî, Mahmûd alAttâr. Budainî al-Shurai'î, and others. The reply, which was read at the 'Abdîn Palace by al-Muwailihî, was noteworthy. It complimented the Khedive on his interest in the development of the Assembly and on the institution of Ministerial Responsibility in Egypt33, but it pointed out clearly, if not always openly, the right of the Egyptian Umma to freedom and the right of the Assembly to participate in the formulation of decisions bearing on the future of Egypt34. This was a bold reply, showing unmistakable traces of Western influence both in its ideological premises and in its terms, but, on the other hand, demonstrating no originality of thought or argument.

During the first two months of this session, the Assembly devoted its attention to two subjects -- financial matters and the maintenance of its own rights.

____________________
32
F.O. 78/2998, Vivian's Political No. 6, to Salisbury, dated Cairo, Jan. 3, 1879. Al-Râfi'î, "'Asr Ismâ'îl", vol. II, pp. 188-190.
33
This was merely nominal and was to have no practical consequences.
34
Al-Râfi'î, "'Asr Ismâ'îl", vol. II, pp. 190-191. Sabry, "Épisode de la question d'Afrique", p. 341. Awad, "La souveraineté égyptienne", pp. 79-80 -- for a translation in part. Itani, op. cit., p. 110.

-23-

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Parliaments and Parties in Egypt
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Acknowledgements iii
  • Table of Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Introduction 1
  • First Part Parliamentary Institutions 5
  • Ch. I -- the 1866-1867 Assembly 7
  • Ch. II -- the Assemblies from 1868 to 1878 16
  • Ch. III -- the 1879 Assembly 23
  • Ch. IV -- the 1881-1882 Assembly 28
  • Ch. V -- Parliamentary Life, 1883-1912 41
  • Ch. VI -- the Legislative Assembly 55
  • Ch. VII -- the 1924 Parliament 59
  • Second Part Political Parties 71
  • Ch. I -- the Secret Societies 73
  • Ch. II -- the National Party 84
  • Ch. III -- Young Egypt 101
  • Ch. IV -- Al-Hizb Al-Watani 104
  • Ch. V -- Minor Parties in the Early 20th Century 136
  • Ch. Vi--The Wafd 169
  • Conlusion -- the Recent Years 175
  • Abbreviations 194
  • Bibliography 195
  • Index of Persons 209
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