Parliaments and Parties in Egypt

By Jacob M. Landau | Go to book overview

CH. V -- PARLIAMENTARY LIFE, 1883-1912

After the British occupation in 1882, Lord Dufferin, the British Ambassador at Constantinople, was sent to Egypt to reorganize its administrative machine. In his report, which has been reprinted many times, he drafted new suggestions on the functions of semi-parliamentary institutions in Egypt78.

The archives of the British Consulates in Egypt must have afforded Dufferin much information, as is amply proved by their contents. If so, it is likely that he examined an interesting, hitherto ignored, manuscript, entitled "Memorandum on Egyptian Chamber" by Sir Auckland Colvin, sometime British Controller-General in Egypt79.

In his memorandum, which was probably the basis of Dufferin's report, Colvin thought it advisable to create an institution, modelled on the Viceroy's legislative Council in India, which "would frame and vote laws, but not initiate them; it would vote new taxes; it would not discuss the Budget unless new taxes were to be imposed, but it would annually be presented with a report explicative of the Budget; its sittings would be public and

____________________
78
The Arabic text of this new Organic Law is given by 'Abd al- Rahmân al-Râfi'î , "Misr wa'l-Sûdân", pp. 217-238. Also by al-Farîq, op. cit., part III, pp. 150-182; for later amendments see ibid., pp. 183 ss. Official French text in C. 3733. Full English text of the law in Hertslet, "British and foreign state papers, 1882-3", vol. LXXIV, pp. 1095-1103. On Lord Dufferin's project see Colvin, "The making of modern Egypt" ( Nelson ed.), pp. 38 ss. Borelli, "Choses politiques d'Égypte 1883-1895", p. 7, n. 1, p. 169, and passim. Beer, "African questions at the Paris peace conference", pp. 330-331. Chafik, "L'Egypte moderne et les influences étrangères", p. 135. Giannini, "Le costituzioni", pp. 46-53. Id., "Gli albori costituzionali in Egitto", O.M., vol. III, 1923, pp. 330-335. El Sayed Sabry, "Le pouvoir législatif", pp. 16-17. Amos, "The new Egyptian constitution", Con. Rev., vol. XLIII, June 1883, p. 920; cf. ibid., pp. 909-922.
79
A copy of this memorandum is enclosed in F.O. 78/3442, Malet's Pol. No. 756, marked "Conf.", to Granville, dated Cairo, Oct. 30, 1882.

-41-

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Parliaments and Parties in Egypt
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Acknowledgements iii
  • Table of Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Introduction 1
  • First Part Parliamentary Institutions 5
  • Ch. I -- the 1866-1867 Assembly 7
  • Ch. II -- the Assemblies from 1868 to 1878 16
  • Ch. III -- the 1879 Assembly 23
  • Ch. IV -- the 1881-1882 Assembly 28
  • Ch. V -- Parliamentary Life, 1883-1912 41
  • Ch. VI -- the Legislative Assembly 55
  • Ch. VII -- the 1924 Parliament 59
  • Second Part Political Parties 71
  • Ch. I -- the Secret Societies 73
  • Ch. II -- the National Party 84
  • Ch. III -- Young Egypt 101
  • Ch. IV -- Al-Hizb Al-Watani 104
  • Ch. V -- Minor Parties in the Early 20th Century 136
  • Ch. Vi--The Wafd 169
  • Conlusion -- the Recent Years 175
  • Abbreviations 194
  • Bibliography 195
  • Index of Persons 209
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