Parliaments and Parties in Egypt

By Jacob M. Landau | Go to book overview

CH. VII -- THE 1924 PARLIAMENT

The Legislative Assembly was not convened at all during the First World War. After the Armistice, Egypt having been declared a Protectorate and placed under Martial Law, the British authorities were not very eager to call a session either.

This institution was never officially abolished, but in October, 1914, its session was postponed to January 1, 1915124. It was not convened on the latter date, however, and, in April, 1915, a convocation was fixed for November 1 of the same year125. It did not meet then, either, and eventually all meetings were postponed indefinitely126. Nevertheless, the British military authorities seemed to regard the members of the Legislative Assembly with some respect, since the latter were invited to be present at an inspection of the defences of the Suez Canal on March 1, 1916127.

Meanwhile some prominent Egyptians expressed a desire for a real Parliament, modelled on a democratic European pattern. After the Declaration of Independence of February 28, 1922128, the time seemed ripe for the creation of an elected representative Parliament.

In a Royal Decree dated March 1, 1922, King Fu'âd charged his Government with the elaboration of a project for a constitutional regime. In the beginning of April of the same year, the

____________________
124
Al-hilâl, vol. XXIII, Nov 1, 1914, p. 166.
126
'Abd al-Rahmân al-Râfi'î, "Thaurat sanat 1919", vol. I, p. 27.
127
Article "Ziyârat a'dâ' al-jam'iyya al-tashrî'iyya", in Al-hilâl, vol. XXIV, Apr 1, 1916, pp. 599-600.
128
On this Declaration and the way in which it was prepared, see Wavell, op. cit., ch. IV. Karîm Thâbit, "Tasrîh 28 Febrâyir", in Al-hilâl, vol. XXXIX, Feb 1, 1931, pp. 504-507. Text in Davis, "Constitutions electoral laws etc.", pp. 55-56; in Newman, op. cit., App. I, p. 292; and in Ghosh, "Constitutional documents", p. 82.
x
Legislative Assembly ( "Allenby in Egypt", p. 37), is too strong, in view of the short span of life granted to this Assembly.

-59-

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Parliaments and Parties in Egypt
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Acknowledgements iii
  • Table of Contents v
  • Foreword vii
  • Introduction 1
  • First Part Parliamentary Institutions 5
  • Ch. I -- the 1866-1867 Assembly 7
  • Ch. II -- the Assemblies from 1868 to 1878 16
  • Ch. III -- the 1879 Assembly 23
  • Ch. IV -- the 1881-1882 Assembly 28
  • Ch. V -- Parliamentary Life, 1883-1912 41
  • Ch. VI -- the Legislative Assembly 55
  • Ch. VII -- the 1924 Parliament 59
  • Second Part Political Parties 71
  • Ch. I -- the Secret Societies 73
  • Ch. II -- the National Party 84
  • Ch. III -- Young Egypt 101
  • Ch. IV -- Al-Hizb Al-Watani 104
  • Ch. V -- Minor Parties in the Early 20th Century 136
  • Ch. Vi--The Wafd 169
  • Conlusion -- the Recent Years 175
  • Abbreviations 194
  • Bibliography 195
  • Index of Persons 209
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