THE REMOVAL OF THE SOUTHERN INDIANS
IT was not by chance that the Jacksonian period made large contribution to the working out of the ultimate relations of the red man with his white rival and conqueror. Jackson was himself an old frontier soldier, who never doubted that it was part of the natural order of things that conflict between the two peoples should go on until the weaker was dispossessed or exterminated. The era was one in which the West guided public policy; and it was the West that was chiefly interested in further circumscribing Indian lands, trade, and influence. In Jackson's day, too, the people ruled; and it was the adventurous, pushing, landhungry common folk who decreed that the red man had lingered long enough in the Middle West and must now move on.
The pressure of the white population upon the Indian lands was felt both in the Northwest and in