Roman Numerals, Typographic Leaves and Pointing Hands: Some Notes on Their Origin, History, and Contemporary Use

By Paul McPharlin | Go to book overview

Illustrations
1. First-century Latin inscription with symbol for 100,000.9
2. First-century Latin inscription with numeral XIIII.10
3. First-century Latin inscription with numeral XXXIIX.11
4. Table from Köbel's Rechenbüchlein with late Roman numerals and early arabesque leaf, 1514.19
5. Diagram from Köbel with fist, 1514.20
6. University of Michigan inscription with point developing into ivy leaf.25
7. Various Roman ivy leaves.26
8. First-century incipient ivy leaf, from Arles.27
9. Second-century well-developed ivy leaves, from Dalmatia.28
10. Fourth-century ivy leaf and palm branch from Rome.29
11. Triangular points, ivy leaf, and palm branch from Carthage.30
12. Pen-drawn leaf, from sixth-century manuscript, Romanesque.31
13. Space-falling manuscript leaves, Tours, about 725.31
14. Leaves used to set off a heading, ninth-century manuscript.32
15. Arabesque leaf to start off a title, Froben, 1518.33
16. Arabesque leaf in Coline's Roman inscriptional style, 1529.34
17. Leaves flanking a first line on a title-page, Cologne, 1537.36
18. Leaf and italic types in Coline's Roman inscriptional style, 1538.38

-ix-

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Roman Numerals, Typographic Leaves and Pointing Hands: Some Notes on Their Origin, History, and Contemporary Use
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations ix
  • Introduction xiii
  • Uses of the Roman Numeral 3
  • Roman Pointing and Ivy Leaves 24
  • The Pointing Hand 47
  • Appendix - Printers' "Ivy Leaves" 77
  • Some Notes on Contributors 81
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