Games Real Actors Play: Actor-Centered Institutionalism in Policy Research

By Fritz W. Scharpf | Go to book overview

Tables and Figures

Tables
2.1 Modes of interaction47
3.1 Overview: Aggregate, collective, and corporate actors57
7.1 The voting paradox157
A1.1 Changes in gross domestic product, employment, and consumer prices, average rates of unemployment238
A1.2 Consumer price inflation and annual increases of unit labor costs in manufacturing, 1974-1980239
A2.1 Random payoffs, 4 players, 2 options258
A2.2 Nash equilibria in sequential games261
A2.3 Average normalized joint-payoff gains through negative coordination262
A2.4 Average normalized joint-payoff gains through bargaining262

Figures
1.1 "Monetarist" game in normal and extensive form8
1.2 "Keynesian" game in normal and extensive form9
1.1, Forward-looking hypotheses25
1.2 Backward-looking hypotheses26
2.1 The domain of interaction-oriented policy research44
3.1 Types of collective actors55
4.1 Constellations of pure coordination and pure conflict74
4.2 Four mixed-motive games75
4.3 Deadlock and Rambo games79
4.4 Social regulations in the European Union82
4.5 European harmonization of welfare-state rules83
4.6 Five interaction orientations86
4.7 Individualistic, competitive, and solidaristic transformations of two game constellations88
4.8 The Kaldor welfare criterion92

-xi-

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Games Real Actors Play: Actor-Centered Institutionalism in Policy Research
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents ix
  • Tables and Figures xi
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 18
  • 1 - Policy Research in the Face of Complexity 19
  • Notes 34
  • 2 - Actor-Centered Institutionalism 36
  • Notes 49
  • 3 - Actors 51
  • Notes 67
  • 4 - Actor Constellations 69
  • Notes 93
  • 5 - Unilateral Action in Anarchic Fields and Minimal Institutions 97
  • Notes 114
  • 6 - Negotiated Agreements 116
  • Notes 147
  • 7 - Decisions by Majority Vote 151
  • Notes 168
  • 8 - Hierarchical Direction 171
  • Notes 193
  • 9 - Varieties of the Negotiating State 195
  • Notes 214
  • Appendix 1 - A Game-Theoretical Interpretation of Inflation and Unemployment in Western Europe 217
  • Notes 237
  • References 240
  • Appendix 2 - Efficient Self-Coordination in Policy Networks -- a Simulation Study 245
  • Notes 273
  • References 276
  • References 281
  • About the Book and Author 303
  • Index 305
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