Very few whistleblowers either understand or anticipate the consequences of their action. Regardless of whether one is an internal or external whistleblower, there are both costs and benefits for speaking out against organizational misconduct. The personal and societal consequences of whistleblowing are described below.
Although often overlooked (because we tend to focus on the negative side of snitching), there are numerous and diverse personal benefits from whistleblowing. Personal benefits have both social and financial dimensions.
One immediate personal benefit of whistleblowing involves feelings of self-efficacy and personal gratification. Americans often feel a lack of control over their lives, being