and Practical Advice
The decision to blow the whistle on organizational misconduct is never easy or clear-cut. There are risks and rewards for both speaking out and remaining silent. Whatever choice is made, there are consequences for the individual, the organization, and the wider society. Most whistleblowers discover that exposing organizational misconduct is a low-reward and high-risk activity. In hindsight, many whistleblowers also second-guess their actions, saying they "should have" done this or that. So, before you act, it's important to realize that exposing abuse and corruption is serious business that has lifelong consequences.
As a general guide for potential whistleblowers, this final chapter summarizes major issues and strategic choices involved in the whistleblowing process. The unpredictability of the reactions from the organization, co-workers, and the legal system makes it unrealistic and foolish to think that there is a perfect way to report misconduct. Nonetheless, by considering various situational and organizational factors, potential whistleblowers may be better informed and advised of their strategic choices about (1) what miscon-