Different forms of governments in the Colonies--Puritans settle Plymouth in 1620-- Form a government for themselves--Intercourse of the Dutch with the people of Plymouth--Massachusetts second Colony in New England--Obtains a Charter from the King--Government of the Colonies placed in the hands of Commissionners--Their powers and conduct--Surrender of the great Plymouth Charter to the Crown--Reasons for it--People first represented in the General Court in Massachusetts in 1634--Governments established in the Colonies of Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Haven--Confederacy of the New England Colonies--Proprietary governments of Maryland, the Carolinas, New Jersey and Pennsylvania--Disputes between the Proprietors and Settlers--People of South Carolina renounce the Proprietary Government--Proprietors of New Jersey surrender their government to the crown--Royal governments--Government of Virginia under the London Company and during the civil wars in England--Application of Virginia for a Charter-- Government of New York under the Dutch and the Duke of York--People of New-York first represented in the Assembly in 1683--Government of Leisler-- Conduct of Governors Slaughter and Fletcher.
THE sufferings, the hardships, the distresses, of the first English settlers in the new world, and particularly those of Virginia and New England were without a parallel; and their patience in enduring them, as well as their perseverance in the pursuit of the objects they had in view, justly entitle them to the gratitude of their descendants. The dangers and hardships of the sea were nothing in comparison with those they were doomed to encounter in a perfect wilderness, from toil, from cold, from famine and from savages. Determined, however, to enjoy in the new world those blessings and advantages of which they were deprived in the old, no hardships discouraged, no dangers appalled them; and here, by divine assistance, they laid the foundation of those happy forms of government, and those valuable institutions, the benefits of which are now enjoyed by their posterity. Briefly to trace the origin and progress of these will next claim our attention. In the settlement of the different Colonies, three forms of government were established. These were usually denominated Charter, Proprietary and Royal governments. This difference arose from the different circumstances under