REPEATEDLY in these chapters thus far the problem of faculty participation in the discussion of administrative policies that affect faculty members has intruded. The growth in size of American institutions has resulted in the gradual emergence of administrative staffs whose functions are largely divorced from teaching and whose attention centers almost exclusively in matters of administration. It is in these administrative groups that policies tend to be formulated; it is these administrative officers who are in a position to exert powerful influences determining the forms of institutional practice. Unfortunately a cleavage in point of view sometimes develops with reference to a given problem; or administrative decisions are made upon the basis of evidence not possessed by or shared with the faculty members; or an element of administrative arbitrariness creeps in that is disturbing to the teaching staff. It is a truism that the success of an educational institution will be dependent upon the existence of a considerable degree of mutual trust and understanding between faculty and administrators. The faculty member stands to his administrative officers in a somewhat different relation from that of the employee of a business concern to his executives. There is reason, therefore, why faculty members should discuss and be given voice in questions that touch them and their work, and why college and university administrators must take staff members into their confidence in matters that pertain to the faculty. Arbitrary attitudes upon the part of administrators and boards toward the faculty members are no less serious than tendencies toward inertia on the part of faculties in the discussion of their own problems.
It has thus far been demonstrated that teaching staffs at institutions of higher education in this country have not remained untouched by the changes induced by depression circumstances. There was a two-year lag, and under some favorable conditions faculties may not have experienced unemployment or even a reduction in salary. But to the great body of men and women on college faculties, a severe depression will come with an adverse impact. Even though the shock