SECONDARY AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
SECONDARY SCHOOLS provide in separate institutions a five-year course for boys and a six-year course for girls above the primary school. Boys for four years and girls for five years follow a general course, alike in content for both boys and girls, except that courses in the domestic arts are added for girls. In the final year (fifth for boys and sixth for girls) students may specialize in one of the three sections provided: the literary, the scientific, or the mathematical. Such is the theory. In actuality some secondary schools do not have all three sections in the final, or orientation, year, while in others the science section cannot accommodate all applicants. In the latter case acceptance is based solely on the standing in the first part of the public secondary-school examination. The science section is in demand mainly because specialization in it is a prerequisite for admission to the schools of medicine.
Public secondary schools are usually housed in buildings that were designed for the purpose. However, some--particularly the ones for girls,-- use rented houses which have been remodeled or enlarged to meet the increasing demand for secondary education. Schools for either sex provide ground space for basketball, volleyball, and tennis; boys schools that lack space for football obtain access to a nearby field. Adequate equipment is provided in the secondary schools, especially for the teaching of the sciences. Interest in developing libraries is increasing, but thus far few schools have adequate library service. Many of the schools have facilities for boarding students to accommodate out-of-town pupils. About 5 percent of the students are boarders.
Day pupils pay fees amounting to £E20 ($80) and boarders, £E40 ($160) per annum. The fee for day pupils includes the cost of lunch, which is served five days a week. From 25 to 30 percent of the pupils are exempt from part or full payment of fees, the exemption being determined on the basis of academic standing in relation to age.
Most secondary-school teachers are graduates of Egyptian or foreign universities or of four-year institutions above the secondary-school level which