THE EDUCATION OF TEACHERS
IRAQ has two types of institutions for the training of primary-school teachers: primary-teachers colleges which prepare urban teachers, and rural and elementary colleges for the training of rural teachers. In either type, men and women students are segregated in separate colleges. The programs of primary- and rural-teachers colleges differ in important respects.
Iraq's two primary-teachers colleges, one for men and one for women, are in Baghdad. The College for Men has for the past few years offered two courses, a four-year course for graduates of intermediate schools and a two-year course for secondary-school graduates. Recently the four-year course has been reduced to three years. Intermittently there has been a section for the preparation of primary-school English teachers. The program of studies in the three-year course is similar to that of the secondary schools except for the inclusion of two periods per week in the first year and three in the second of principles of education and seven periods per week of educational psychology and teaching methods in the final year. The two-year course substitutes four periods per week of educational psychology in the first year for some of the academic studies of the secondary school, and in the second year two periods per week of philosophy of education and six of teaching methods.
Students are admitted largely on the basis of their achievements in the public intermediate- and secondary-school examinations. Other factors considered are distribution according to provinces, medical-examination report, and results on an admittedly inadequate entrance examination to discover the aptitudes of the students. The question of distribution according to province is vital in all teachers colleges since some provinces have desperate need of more teachers and since great pressure is applied by teachers