Education in Arab Countries of the Near East: Egypt, Iraq, Palestine, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon

By Roderic D. Matthews; Matta Akrawi | Go to book overview

Chapter 14
ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE GOVERNMENT (ARAB) EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

THERE ARE TWO public educational systems in Palestine, one for Arabs and one for Jews.1 The Arab system is administered by the Government Department of Education, the Jewish by the Educational Committee of the Vaad Leumi ( General Council of the Jewish Community in Palestine). In addition, there are numerous private schools for Arabs and for Jews.

The two public systems have only slight contact with each other. The Government Department of Education has a legal right of registration of schools and of supervision over all schools that receive government assistance, including the Jewish public schools. It grants to the Jewish system an annual subsidy, most of which is given in a lump sum to the Vaad Leumi. The Government Department of Education includes on its staff a Jewish Assistant Director with Jewish inspectors who inspect Jewish schools and deal with matters pertaining to Jewish education; also the Department conducts public examinations which are open to students of Jewish as well as Arab schools, both public and private. In all other respects the two systems are separate, each following its own aims, plans, and methods. Therefore, they will be dealt with as separate systems in this report.

The organization of the Government Department of Education is shown in Chart V. At the head is a British Director of Education responsible to the Chief Secretary of the Palestine government. Powers pertaining to educational matters are strongly concentrated in the office of the Director, and the system is thoroughly centralized. Most of the funds for the Government system are derived from government revenues. Major lines of educational policy, appointment, promotion, and dismissal of teachers, sanctioning of new public schools, approval of textbooks, and the preparation and marking of secondary-school examinations are all decided

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1
The reader is reminded that this volume reports a survey made in 1946.

-217-

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