Wang Yang-Ming: Idealist Philosopher of Sixteenth-Century China

By Carsun Chang | Go to book overview

V
EPILOGUE A STUDY OF INTUITIONISM

In his Chuan-Hsi Lu, Wang Yang-ming discusses extensively two main themes: "Mind is reason" and "Realization of Liang-chih." These constitute the basis of Chinese intuitionism. To understand Wang's system of thought on this subject we must first go to Mencius.

Mencius, founder of the intuitive movement, advocates that man, as a' rational being, is endowed with four dispositions: jen,i,li, and chih.Jen, as it is written in Chinese, consists of two characters: "man" and "two." This disposition thus denotes the relationship of man to man. I is the disposition which enables a person to distinguish between right and wrong. Li is decency or modesty, from which ceremony originates. Chih is knowing what a particular object is, and the ability to distinguish one thing from another. These four dispositions are the categories for value-judgments. They are not fully developed in a child; when they are developed, one may form moral or cognitive judgments on the basis of these dispositions. Mencius illustrates

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Wang Yang-Ming: Idealist Philosopher of Sixteenth-Century China
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgements iv
  • Editor's Preface v
  • Contents *
  • I - The Life of Wang Yang-Ming (1472-1529) 1
  • II - Wang Yang - Ming's System Of Philosophy 13
  • III - The Position of Wang In Neo-Confucianism 51
  • IV - Wang's Philosophic Dialogues 69
  • V - Epilogue A Study of Intuitionism 75
  • Appendix 95
  • Selected Bibliography 99
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