Wang Yang-Ming: Idealist Philosopher of Sixteenth-Century China

By Carsun Chang | Go to book overview

Appendix

To show Wang Yang-ming's appreciation of the old philosopher, Lu Chiu-yüan ( 11.39-93) or Lu Hsiang-shall as he is best known, we reproduce here the author's English translation in its entirety of Wang's preface to Lu's collected works. Lu and Wang, usually referred to as the Lu-Wang School or the School of Mind, created a great stir in the Chinese philosophical world after Chu Hsi.

The science of sagehood is the science of mind. What was transmitted from Yao and Shun to lay in the words: "The mind of man is full of danger: the mind of Tao is subtle. Be proficient and unitive. Hold the mean firmly." This was the source of the science of mind. What was called the 'mean' was the mind of Tao. When the mind of Tao exists, in its proficiency and unity, it is Jen, which is also the mean. The work of Confucius and Mencius was to devote the self to Jen, which in turn was derived from the transmitted message about proficiency and unity. In later ages there grew up the belief that the object of one's seeking should be on the outside rather than the inside. Therefore, even a disciple of Confucius, Tzu-kung, thought that the work of his master consisted of wide reading and memorizing, and that Jen became a matter of giving more alms to more people. Tzu-kung's mistake was

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Wang Yang-Ming: Idealist Philosopher of Sixteenth-Century China
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgements iv
  • Editor's Preface v
  • Contents *
  • I - The Life of Wang Yang-Ming (1472-1529) 1
  • II - Wang Yang - Ming's System Of Philosophy 13
  • III - The Position of Wang In Neo-Confucianism 51
  • IV - Wang's Philosophic Dialogues 69
  • V - Epilogue A Study of Intuitionism 75
  • Appendix 95
  • Selected Bibliography 99
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