The Families of Flowering Plants: Arranged According to a New System Based on Their Probable Phylogeny - Vol. 1

By J. Hutchinson; W. E. Trevithick | Go to book overview

GLOSSARY
abaxial, away from the axis.
abortion, suppression of parts usually present.
accumbent, lying against.
achene, small dry indehiscent fruit containing a single seed.
actinomorphic (regular), capable of vertical division into equal halves through two or more planes.
acyclic, floral parts in whorls.
adaxial, next the axis.
adnate, united to a member of another series.
aestivation, arrangement of sepals or petals in bud.
amentiferous, bearing catkins.
anemophilous, wind-pollinated.
apocarpous, separate carpels.
aril, appendage arising from the funicle and often covering the seed.
articulate, jointed.
axile, attached to the central axis.
baccate, berry-like.
bilabiate, 2-lipped.
bisexual, with two sexes in the same flower or inflorescence.
calyx, outer envelope of a flower of the Dicotyledons, often green or scarious.
capitate, head-like.
capsule, dry fruit (composed of more than one carpel) which opens.
carpel, a fruit leaf.
catkin, a close bracteate, often pendulous spike.
cell, compartment of an ovary or anther.
circinate, inwardly coiled upon itself, like a watch-spring.
circumscissile, opening transversely all around.
cleistogamous, fertilisation within the unopened flower.
compound, composed of several similar parts, as a leaf of several leaflets.
conduplicate, folded together lengthwise.
connate, when similar parts are united.
contorted, twisted in bud, such as sepals or petals which overlap on one side only.
corolla, the inner envelope of the flower.
corona, a ring of appendages (sometimes united) on the inside of the petals or corolla.
cotyledon, seed leaf.
cyclic, floral parts in whorls.
deciduous, not evergreen.
dehiscent, opening spontaneously.
diadelphous, in two bundles (as in Papilionaceae, with one stamen separate from the other nine).
digitate, diverging from the same point like the fingers of a hand.
dimorphic, of two forms.
dioecious, male flowers on one individual, females on another.
discoid, like a disk; applied to Compositae without ray flowers.
disk, an enlargement of the receptacle within the calyx, petals or stamens.
embryo, rudimentary plant still enclosed in the seed.
endosperm, the nutritive food material within the seed.
entomophilous, insect pollinated.
epigynous, above the pistil or gynaecium.
epipetalous, on the petals or corolla.
epiphyte, growing or supported on another plant.
exstipulate, without stipules.
extrorse, facing outwards.
follicle, a several-seeded fruit, resulting from a separate carpel opening by one suture.
free basal placentation, ovules arranged on a basal placenta in a 1-celled ovary (see Fig. 240, p. 289).
free central placentation, ovules on a central placenta reaching from the bottom to the top of a 1-celled ovary (see Fig. 53, p. 128).
gamopetalous (= sympetalous, monopetalous), a corolla with the petals partially or wholly united.
gamosepalous, sepals more or less united.
glandular, clothed with glands.

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The Families of Flowering Plants: Arranged According to a New System Based on Their Probable Phylogeny - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword vii
  • Author's Preface ix
  • Contents xiii
  • Signs and Abbreviations xiv
  • Introduction 1
  • Conspectus of Principal Living Groups Of Flowering Plants 9
  • Subphylum Dicotyledones 10
  • List of Families with Certain More or Less Constant Characters 79
  • Division I. Archichlamydeae 81
  • Division Ii. Metachlamydeae. 265
  • Glossary 311
  • Index 313
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