THE bibliography of the period covered in this book is very copiously and thoroughly treated in the seventh volume of Winsor Narrative and Critical History of North America, Boston, 1888. For the benefit of the reader who may not have ready access to that vast storehouse of information, the following brief notes may be of service.
The best account of the peace negotiations is to be found in chapter ii. of Winsor's volume just cited, written by Hon. John Jay, who had already discussed the subject quite thoroughly in his Address before the New York Historical Society on its Seventy-Ninth Anniversary, Nov. 27, 1883. Of the highest value are Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice Life of Lord Shelburne, 3 vols., London, 1875-76, and Adolphe de Circourt, Histoire de l'action commune de la France et de l'Amérique, etc., tome iii., Documents originaux inédits, Paris, 1876. See also Sparks, Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, 12 vols., Boston, 1829-30; Trescot Diplomacy of the American Revolution, N. Y., 1852; Lyman Diplomacy of the United States, Boston, 1826; Elliot American Diplomatic Code, 2 vols., Washington, 1834; Chalmer Collection of Treaties, 2 vols., London, 1790; Lord Stanhope History of England, vol. vii., London, 1853; Lecky History of England, vol. iv., London, 1882; Lord John Russell Memorials of Fox, 4 vols., London, 1853-57; Albemarle Rockingham and his Contemporaries, 2 vols., London, 1852; Walpole Last Journals, 2 vols., London, 1859; Force American Archives, 4th series, 6 vols., Washington, 1839-46; John Adams's Works, 10 vols., Boston, 1850-56; Rives Life of Madison, 3 vols., Boston, 1859-48; Madison Letters and other Writings, 4 vols., Phila., 1865; the lives of Franklin, by Bigelow and Parton; the lives of Jay, by Jay, Flanders, and Whitelocke; Morse John Adams, Boston, 1885; Correspondence of George III. with Lord North, 2 vols., London, 1867; Wharton Digest of International Law, Washington, 1887, Appendix to vol. iii.; Hale Franklin in France, 2 vols., Boston, 1888. The view of the treaty set forth in 1830 by Sparks, according to which Jay and Adams were quite mistaken in their suspicions of the French court, we may now regard as disposed of by the evidence presented by Circourt and Fitzmaurice. It has led many writers astray, and even with all the lights which Mr. Bancroft has had, the account in