My purpose in presenting these results of my study of the Russian experiment in the economics of Communism is not to show that this experiment has reduced Russia to a state of utter economic disorganization and ruin. This fact is readily apparent from the general economic information about Soviet Russia and is willingly admitted by the Soviet leaders themselves, who even claim it theoretically as an inevitable condition of the transitional period. Nor is it my purpose to demonstrate what is commonly termed the failure of the Soviet régime: "failure" and "success" when applied to huge movements are, at best, relative terms, and depend on the standards which are applied.
My interest in the subject, and hence my purpose in writing this book, is threefold:
In the first place, the Communist régime in Russia in its economic phases interests me as an experiment. What is its fundamental theory? What does it aim to do? How is this theory applied? Into what forms does it translate itself? How does it work in practical application, i.e., what are some of the important results of the operation of these forms?
In the second place, the régime interests me from the point of view of its social-economic class ideas. It rests its historic case upon its claim to being a "workman- peasant" régime. Does it represent economically the