Moisey A. Markov. Pavlichenko had long been involved with disarmament issues and was among the activists of the Pugwash movement.
Thus, November 1969 saw the beginning of the Soviet-American strategic arms talks in Helsinki, Finland. The main task that confronted the Soviet Delegation during the first round of talks was to clarify and analyze the position of the American Side. From the very start, the Soviet Side advanced its position: forward-based nuclear systems had to be included into the American-Soviet balance; British and French nuclear weapons also had to be taken into account. China was not mentioned in that context, but the Soviet leadership implied that at the end of the talks, the USSR would require a certain "reserve" to account for the Chinese forces as well.
The Delegation was also told to speak as little as possible about the force structure, numbers, or quality of Soviet arms. There was some concern that the Americans could use the talks to acquire additional information about the number of Soviet strategic arms and their state of readiness. Among other things, this concern was prompted by the hope, as expressed by the Soviet Side, simply "to retain whatever we could."