The Return to the
Negotiations: The Prelude
During the period from the end of 1983 to the beginning of 1985, when nuclear and "space weapons" reduction talks were in hiatus, a severe "squabble" continued unabated between the sides, both in the press and at the official level, concerning the questions of how to renew the talks and what positions should be defended. General Secretary Yuriy Andropov and Politburo member (and Andropov's successor) Konstantin Chemenko delivered a great number of speeches on these particular issues, and a special campaign full of criticism regarding the statements by the American administration was organized in the Soviet press.
Under these circumstances, the Five had little work to conduct. Its experts met to discuss specific questions and perform other services to support the Political Consultative Committee of the Warsaw Treaty Organization, but they did not tackle most major problems, although Soviet initiatives pertinent to limiting military operations in space, anti-satellite weapons, and a ban on putting weapons into orbit were discussed or passed through the Five at this time. As far as the Big Five was concerned, only four persons--Andrey Gromyko (representing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Dmitri Ustinov Ministry of Defense), Viktor M. Chebrikov (KGB), and Leonid Smimov