The Military Takes Over Hawaii
The radio stations were silenced by noon to prevent the enemy from using radio beams for navigation, then put back on the air for brief, important announcements. Radios were the only source of information for the civilians as well as the military. Frequent announcements came for the military to man their posts, and calls came for civilian volunteers and for blood donors. The military and civilian officials had an emergency plan they put into effect, and it included directions for civilians. These were broadcast at intervals throughout the morning and afternoon.
Civilians were told to stay off the streets, not to use their telephones, to keep calm, and to keep the radio on for further information and news. They were to keep their cars off the streets and to drive on lawns if they had to. They were told to fill water buckets for use in case of fire and to attach garden hoses to faucets. In the event of another air raid, they were to stay under cover to avoid being hurt, as many already had been, by shrapnel from antiaircraft guns.
Perhaps the most important announcement after the attack was that martial law was in effect and that the Army had taken over. This came at 4:25 that afternoon. The final commercial radio broadcast that day was at 8:52 P.M., when employees of retail firms doing business with the Army Engineers were ordered to their jobs immediately.
The island was almost swamped by volunteers, who saved many lives and calmed many frightened people. The Honolulu Chamber of Commerce had recently sponsored a blood bank, but it was totally out of blood after sending seventy-five flasks to Tripler Hospital, forty-five to the Navy,