The Central Asian States: Discovering Independence

By Gregory Gleason | Go to book overview

orities of the international community when considering adverse environmental impacts.

These are reasons why the enduring significance of the transition in Central Asia is not to be found in Central Asia's influence on the world stage. But it is also for these reasons that the enduring significance of the transition in Central Asia is to be found within Central Asia rather than in Central Asia's impact on other countries.

Chapter 1 discusses the extent to which Central Asia's traditional social, economic, and political forms of organization were shaped historically by the physical features of Central Asia's geography. The succeeding chapters detailed how the new institutions are increasingly shaped by a combination of the external pressures of the international community and by the internal resourcefulness of Central Asian cultures. As powerful as external forces and actors may be, they can only impose choices and constraints, not determine the course of Central Asian affairs. The Central Asian states are discovering independence by exploring how Central Asian commonalities of culture, language, perspective, and ideas can influence their participation in the international community. The broad constraints of the transition to independence have come from without, but the meaning of independence can come only from within.


NOTES
1.
A comprehensive, informed, and sensitive treatment of Islam in Central Asia may be found in Mehrdad Haghaeyeghi, Islam and Politics in Central Asia ( New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995).
2.
Alexandre Bennigsen, "Muslims, Mullahs, and Mujahidin," Problems of Communism ( November-December 1984): 28-44.
3.
Alexandre Bennigsen, "Muslim Religious Conservatism and Dissent in the USSR," Religion in Communist Lands 6, no. 3 ( 1978): 153-161.
4.
S. Bagdasarov, "My--za armiiu. Byli I budem!" Krasnaia zvezda ( 10 April 1991): 3.
5.
A conference of the representatives of the Spiritual Directorate of the Republics of Central Asia and Kazakstan issued a communiqué calling for citizens to support the preservation of a single renewed union of sovereign republics. USSR Today: Soviet Media News and Information Digest, compiled by RFE/RL ( 26 February 1991).
6.
See James Critchlow, "The Crisis Deepens," Report on the USSR 3, no. 1 ( 1991): 40.
7.
Vladimir Kazakov, "Gotovy k dialogu," Literaturnaia Rossiia ( 8 March 1991): 10. Also see Moskovskie novosti no. 10 ( 10 March 1991): 2.
8.
See "Zaiavlenie," Komsomolets Tajikistana ( 2 December 1990): 3.
9.
Elena Deriabina, "Islamskii faktor ili spetssluzhby Saudovskoi Aravii v Miniuste RF?" Stolitsa no. 32 ( August 1992): 4.

-184-

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The Central Asian States: Discovering Independence
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Contents ix
  • Preface xi
  • A Note on Languages In Central Asia xiii
  • One - New States and Ancient Societies 1
  • Notes 21
  • Two - Legacies of Central Asia 25
  • Notes 46
  • Three - The Soviet Socialist Republics of Central Asia 48
  • Notes 77
  • Four - Central Asian States Emergent 82
  • Notes 132
  • Five - Central Asia and the World 136
  • Notes 164
  • Six - Transition in Asia 168
  • Notes 184
  • Chronology of Events In Modern Central Asia: November 1917- December 1995 187
  • Sources on Central Asian Politics, Economics, And Society 205
  • About the Book and Author 211
  • Index 212
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