JOURNEY IN THE TROAD, MAY, 1881.
BY DR. HENRY SCHLIEMANN.
THE following account of my journey in the Troad ought to have been added to Ilios, for it supplements many points of the Homeric geography which have until now remained obscure, and it tends to explode many theories, which have existed for thousands of years, and which have as yet never been contested or even doubted. It must further enhance the general interest attached to Hissarlik, for it shows that between the Hellespont, the mountains of Ida, Adramyttium, and Cape Lectum, there is nowhere any accumulation of prehistoric ruins, whilst the accumulation of such ruins at Hissarlik exceeds 14 mètres in depth. The measurement of the altitudes has been made with the greatest precision, and all the points which have been touched on the journey have been inserted with the greatest accuracy in the Map (No. 140: see Frontispiece), which I recommend to the reader's particular attention.
I had terminated the exploration of Hissarlik in June, 1879. The publication of my work, Ilios, which was brought out simultaneously in English by Messrs. Harper Brothers at New York, and Mr. John Murray at London, and in German by Mr. F. A. Brockhaus at Leipzig, kept me occupied during a year and a half. As soon as I had finished this, I proceeded to execute the plan I had formed for a long time past, of exploring the Minyan Orchomenos in Boeotia. I finished this exploration towards the middle of April 1881. There are only three cities to which Homer gives the epithet πολύχρυσος (" rich in gold"), namely, Troy, Mycenae, and the Minyan Orchomenos. The large treasures, which I brought to light in the two first cities, prove that they eminently deserved the Homeric epithet. I found no treasure of gold at Orchomenos; but the immense