ON THE BONES COLLECTED DURING THE EXCAVATIONS OF 1882, IN THE FIRST AND MOST ANCIENT PREHISTORIC CITY AT HISSARLIK.
BY PROFESSOR RUDOLF VIRCHOW.
THE bone-chest contained, unfortunately, so great a number of bones some quite freshly broken in pieces, and consequently no doubt broken in the carriage, that their determination was rendered extremely difficult, and in some cases quite impossible.
Among those that could be recognized were found a great number of small fragments, single teeth, etc., of a human being, and therefore in themselves very valuable objects. But with these also the attempts at restoration have led, for the present, to no satisfactory result. The skeleton to which they belonged was manifestly that of a person past middle life, probably a man; about which, however, I can venture to say no more than that the skull had a somewhat broad and flat-vaulted cranium. He might therefore possibly have been brachycephalous; at all events, not dolichocephalous. The skull found earlier in the second city* seems to have some resemblance to this one; however, in the fragments of jawbones now furnished no trace of prognathism is shown, but, on the contrary, a short and quite vertical alveolar process, with the teeth likewise vertical, and very much worn down by use.
Among the animal bones, those of domestic animals so greatly predominate, that it is difficult to discover the remains of wild animals. Of the latter I could only recognize with certainty the____________________