THE SITE AND ANTIQUITY OF THE HELLENIC ILION.
BY PROFESSOR MAHAFFY.
DR. SCHLIEMANN has asked me to reprint the following paper as an Appendix to his new book on Ilion. It is practically a reply to the attack volunteered by Professor Jebb upon the Appendix I contributed to the former Ilios--an attack which first appeared anonymously in the Edinburgh Review. Then it was republished with some modifications, for the readers of the Hellenic Journal, by the author, who is also one of the editors of that journal. The tacit reference to my original Appendix being so manifest that it required no proof, I sent this reply to the Journal. Since that time Brentano published a new pamphlet on the subject, and Mr. Jebb in a new article in the Hellenic Journal (vol. iii. No. 2, p. 203), has replied to my reply. He thinks I demanded this second reply. I was not aware that I had done so, though he calls the demand formal. I had intended to add nothing to this paper, but now append a few notes in reference to his last reply in the Journal ( iii. 204), to show that he has not refuted my arguments.
There is an interesting historical question in relation to Dr. Schliemann's Trojan excavations; it is this: When was the historical Ilion really founded? And the answer to this question involves another of considerable interest: Was the historical Ilion on the site of the prehistoric Troy? If its foundation be recent, and in historical times, there is room to doubt the identity of the sites, and accordingly the ancient enquirers who denied this identity also denied the antiquity of Ilion. I propose, therefore,