A single organization was selected as the research site for this study. The following discussion presents a background of the organization.
The Independent Precinct Organization (IPO) in Chicago is described by its founders as "an experiment in independent politics." Its goals are to involve community people in the choice and election of their public officials, as well as in community decisions which affect them. A grassroots precinct organization is the structure used to attain these goals; IPO members contact neighborhood people about candidates running for office (those endorsed by IPO) and about issues of local community interest.
IPO was founded in September 1968, after the 1968 Democratic National convention. The nucleus of founders had worked together in (Eugene) McCarthy's campaign for Democratic nomination for president. And through this work, they gained experience with organizing people on a precinct-by-precinct basis. With IPO they hoped to capture the enthusiasm and energy of people from the McCarthy campaign and channel this into constructive community action.
Geographical location . IPO is located on the north side of Chicago and its members live in the 42nd, 43rd, 44th, 46th, and 48th Wards of the city;1 this area also encompasses the 11th and____________________