Evaluating Public Sector Research and Development

By Albert N. Link | Go to book overview

Table 9.10 Costs Associated with NIST-Sponsored Research ($ millions)
Year NISTNIST+OA
1981 $0.150 $0.248
1982 $0.150 $0.228
1983 $0.192 $0.336
1984 $0.310 $0.396
1985 $0.228 $0.376
1986 $0.354 $0.491
1987 $0.397 $0.537
1988 $0.495 $0.550
1989 $0.505 $0.610
Total $2.781 $3.772
Source: Electronics and Electrical Engineering Laboratory at NIST.

However, other federal agencies did (and still do) contribute to NIST's optical fiber research program. These other agency (OA) costs are included in the second cost column labeled $NIST + OA. NIST's financial contribution to the total optical fiber research program budget has increased from 60 percent in 1981 to 83 percent in 1989. Through 1989, direct NIST support totaled about $2.8 million.


CONCLUSIONS

The benefit-cost ratio, adjusted to 1994 the Consumer Price Index, based on the benefits attributable to NIST's research in Table 9.9 and the costs in Table 9.10, is 15-to-1. In addition to the industry cost savings discussed, society as a whole benefits from NIST's activities to the extent that producers' and users' cost savings lead to lower market prices, and that production efficiencies lead to a higher quality fiber. The higher quality fiber in turn improves fiberoptic technology.


NOTES
1.
An earlier version of this analysis was discussed in Leaden and Link ( 1992).
2.
As Senior ( 1985) noted, these early experimenters found transmission through the atmosphere to be plagued with too many sources of interference.
3.
See Chaffee ( 1988).

-127-

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Evaluating Public Sector Research and Development
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables ix
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • 1 - Public Sector Research and Development: An Introduction 1
  • Notes 5
  • 2 - Evaluation Issues Related to Public Sector Research and Development 7
  • Notes 15
  • 3 - Advanced Technology Program 17
  • Notes 43
  • 4 - Real-Time Control System Architecture 51
  • Notes 59
  • 5 - Conformance Test Program for Sql 61
  • Notes 73
  • 6 - Isdn Technology 75
  • Notes 84
  • 7 - Power and Energy Calibration Services 87
  • Conclusions 97
  • 8 - Electromigration Characterization 99
  • Conclusions 110
  • Notes 111
  • 9 - Optical Fiber Standards 113
  • Notes 127
  • 10 - An Assessment of Public Sector Research and Development 131
  • Bibliography 133
  • Index 141
  • About the Author 145
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