ART, ARCHITECTURE, AND MUSIC
TITUS M. KARLOWICZ AND SARAH HANKS KARLOWICZ
IN STUDIES OF the arts in Illinois history, both architecture and music have received more attention than painting, sculpture, and the decorative arts. Moreover, the record for Chicago is far better than that for the state as a whole. Yet the literature in every field is so extensive that this review is necessarily selective, with an emphasis on essential or representative secondary works, some of which are as valuable for their bibliographies as for their own coverage.
Illinois: A Descriptive and Historical Guide, compiled by the Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration ( Chicago, 1939), provides in three brief chapters a good but somewhat dated synopsis of art, architecture, and music in Illinois history. Frances Cheney Bennett, ed., History of Music and Art in Illinois . . . ( Philadelphia, 1904) includes a historical essay followed by biographical sketches of artists, musicians, and patrons throughout the state. For summaries of cultural development in specific periods, see Henry B. Fuller chapters in Ernest Ludlow Bogart and Charles Manfred Thompson, The Industrial State, 1870-1893 ( Springfield, 1920) and Bogart and John Mabry Mathews, The Modern Commonwealth, 1893-1918 ( Springfield, 1920), and also the coverage in Donald F. Tingley, The Structuring of a State: The History of Illinois, 1899 to 1928 ( Springfield, 1980).
Betty I. Madden, Arts, Crafts, and Architecture in Early Illinois ( Urbana, 1974) demonstrates the significance of the arts in the state's development before about 1860. A pioneering synthesis, concerned in part to trace successive